7 Modern Cities That Became Ghost Towns Because No One Wanted to Live There
Every year, new cities are built from scratch around the world. However, they donu2019t always find their inhabitants. Hundreds ofu00a0new residential houses are empty, sitting inu00a0eternal expectation ofu00a0their owners. One can find such newborn ghost towns inu00a0different parts ofu00a0the world.
Weu00a0atu00a0 Bright Side wondered why this happens, and look what weu2019ve found. The most interesting thing weu00a0prepared for you isu00a0atu00a0the end ofu00a0the article.
1. Kangbashi, China
China isu00a0the world leader when itu00a0comes tou00a0the number ofu00a0buildings under construction. New cities are built there every year, but, despite the high population density, lots ofu00a0them remain empty.
One probable reason isu00a0the extremely high prices for real estate. Another theory says itu2019s insurance inu00a0case ofu00a0war. Ifu00a0the densely populated Chinese cities are attacked from the air, rebuilding them will cost au00a0fortune. Itu2019s much cheaper and easier tou00a0settle the surviving population inu00a0new cities.
The largest Chinese ghost city isu00a0located inu00a0the Ordos district, where au00a0rich coal deposit was discovered. Inu00a0the city ofu00a0Kangbashi, there are thousands ofu00a0houses asu00a0well asu00a0the necessary infrastructure, including anu00a0airport, parks, theatres, street sculptures, and au00a0museum.
Construction began inu00a02001, and there were supposed tou00a0beu00a01u00a0million inhabitants. However, onlyu00a02% ofu00a0the planned population currently live there.
2. Cirueu00f1a, Spain
Inu00a0the early 2000s, Cirueu00f1a was au00a0small village inu00a0the north ofu00a0Spain. But au00a0few years later, au00a0whole city designed for 10,000 people was built onu00a0its outskirts inu00a0record time.
More than 100 cottages and multi-apartment buildings were constructed there with restaurants, stores, swimming pools, and even au00a0golf club. Yet 2008 brought au00a0global financial crisis, which prevented the cityu2019s settlement.
Now Cirueu00f1a has slightly more than 100u00a0citizens, but all the necessary infrastructure functions properly.
Nevertheless, the city never becomes truly empty because here lies the path ofu00a0the pilgrims tou00a0the Spanish city ofu00a0Santiago deu00a0Compostela.
3. Tianducheng, China
Inu00a0the east ofu00a0China, thereu2019s au00a0small replica ofu00a0Paris: Tianducheng. The city was built inu00a0the same style, with its own Champs-u00c9lysu00e9es, Notre-Dame deu00a0Paris, and even au00a0small copy ofu00a0the Eiffel Tower, which isu00a0108 meters high.
The city was built inu00a02007 and was designed for 100,000 people wanting tou00a0exchange their rural way ofu00a0life for anu00a0urban one.
However, now the "Eastern Paris" doesnu2019t have even au00a0quarter ofu00a0the population. The prices for real estate turned out tou00a0beu00a0unbearable, asu00a0inu00a0other similar places inu00a0China.
Tianducheng now looks more like au00a0large French film set, and this isu00a0why newlyweds love using itu00a0for wedding photo sessions.
4. Kilamba, Angola
u00a9 By Santa Martha u00a0
The new city ofu00a0Kilamba was built byu00a0au00a0Chinese investment corporation 30u00a0km away from Luanda, the capital ofu00a0Angola. Itu00a0was the embodiment ofu00a0the pre-election promises ofu00a0President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, who guaranteed the construction ofu00a0au00a0huge amount ofu00a0buildings inu00a0the shortest time possible.
The construction ofu00a0Kilamba was finished inu00a02012. There were 750 multi-story apartment buildings tou00a0house half au00a0million people, more than 100 shopping spaces, and dozens ofu00a0schools.
The total cost ofu00a0construction isu00a0estimated atu00a0$3.5u00a0billion.
However, despite all efforts, the cityu2019s population isu00a0about 1,000u00a0people. Itu00a0turned out that the country almost didnu2019t have au00a0middle class. The majority ofu00a0the population isu00a0below the poverty threshold, living with $2u00a0a day. Therefore, they cannot afford tou00a0buy anu00a0apartment even with the help ofu00a0au00a0mortgage.
5. Thames Town, China
Another Chinese ghost town, Thames Town, isu00a0au00a0small copy ofu00a0London. Itu00a0occupies only 1u00a0square kmu00a0and was meant for 10,000u00a0inhabitants.
Itu00a0has its own River Thames, Victorian houses, au00a0Gothic church, red telephone booths, and statues ofu00a0Harry Potter and James Bond. The budget for the cityu2019s construction was about $800u00a0million.
The pseudo-European town failed tou00a0become settled due tou00a0the financial crisis ofu00a02008, which showed that the wealthy Chinese population the town was designed for was practically absent. Very few people could afford tou00a0live inu00a0"Chinese London," sou00a0the city remains au00a0ghost town.
Now Thames Town, along with Tianducheng, isu00a0only large-scale wedding scenery.
6. Masdar City, UAE
Masdar City isu00a0anu00a0eco-city thatu2019s being built 17u00a0km away from Abu Dhabi, the capital ofu00a0the United Arab Emirates. The project isu00a0estimated atu00a0$22u00a0billion. Itu2019s based onu00a0the principle ofu00a0responsibility, which means au00a0sustainable environment inu00a0the city. This will beu00a0achieved byu00a0providing energy from renewable sources, minimizing carbon dioxide emissions tou00a0the atmosphere, and au00a0complete city waste recycling system.
The city isu00a0meant for 50,000u00a0inhabitants, but only 300 people live there now. Most ofu00a0them are students ofu00a0the Masdar Institute ofu00a0Science and Technology.
Cars are prohibited there, and only one store isu00a0open. One needs tou00a0gou00a0tou00a0other cities for the majority ofu00a0goods.
Despite the fact that the project isu00a0almost finished, the city isu00a0still empty. One ofu00a0the reasons that prevented the settlement was the economic crisis. Inu00a0addition, au00a0population thatu2019s accustomed tou00a0living inu00a0luxury may not beu00a0ready tou00a0live onu00a0the principle ofu00a0responsibility that lies atu00a0the core ofu00a0Masdar City.
7. Kijong-dong, North Korea
The North Korean village ofu00a0Kijong-dong isu00a0located next tou00a0au00a0demilitarized zone and isu00a0the only settlement that can beu00a0seen from South Korea. The village was built inu00a0the 1950s with the aim ofu00a0promoting au00a0high standard ofu00a0living that awaits all southerners crossing the border.
Despite the official version that there are 200 ordinary families living inu00a0the village, one can see with the help ofu00a0modern optics that the houses are empty boxes without rooms. The lights there are always turned onu00a0inu00a0the same parts ofu00a0the buildings and atu00a0the same time. Sometimes one can notice soldiers, asu00a0well asu00a0women washing windowsu00a0u2014 the same people asu00a015u00a0years ago.
Until 2004, the village had working loudspeakers with propaganda texts directed toward the South. Having realized the uselessness ofu00a0such shows, North Korea began tou00a0broadcast military marches for 20u00a0hours au00a0day atu00a0full volume. South Korea responded with roaring speakers playing local rock music. When the noise became unbearable, the radios onu00a0both sides were turned off forever.
Bonus: Naypyidaw, Myanmar
u00a9 mohigan u00a0
Inu00a02005, the government ofu00a0Myanmar, quite unexpectedly for the whole world, decided tou00a0move the countryu2019s capital from Yangon tou00a0Naypyidaw. The new capital was built inu00a0the middle ofu00a0the jungle inu00a0the inhabited part ofu00a0the country and occupied anu00a0area ofu00a07,054 squareu00a0km. Itu00a0took billions ofu00a0dollars and several years ofu00a0construction tou00a0give the terrain au00a0new status.
Inu00a0addition tou00a0governmental and residential buildings, numerous shopping centers, hotels, golf courses, au00a0sports complex, au00a0herbarium, and even au00a0zoo were built inu00a0the city.
The exact time ofu00a0the transfer was appointed atu00a06:36 a.m. byu00a0astrologers, whose opinion isu00a0ofu00a0huge importance for the people ofu00a0this country. The reason for the change ofu00a0the capital isu00a0still au00a0mystery. Among the most interesting theories isu00a0the authoritiesu2019 fear ofu00a0au00a0large crowd ofu00a0people and possible strikes, asu00a0well asu00a0the opinion ofu00a0the astrologers.
u00a9 liuels u00a0
Initially, the members ofu00a0the government lived here. According tou00a0rumors, they were ordered tou00a0move tou00a0the new capital within 48u00a0hours, but few performed the authoritiesu2019 will. For au00a0long time, Naypyidaw was au00a0deserted place with empty houses and streets. However, now, after au00a0dozen years, this isu00a0au00a0lively city with au00a0constantly growing population.
Which city surprised you the most? Dou00a0you know ofu00a0any other ghost towns? Share them inu00a0the comments!
Preview photo credit mohigan