People hope to drill for oil where sea otters live
Several protected ocean habitats, home to sea otters and other vulnerable animals, are in danger because an executive order, “Implementing an America-First Offshore Energy Strategy,” is seeking to turn the regions into offshore drilling sites.
After orders from the White House, the federal government is reviewing 11 National Marine Sanctuaries and Marine National Monuments, four of them along the California coast, like the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, a prime spot for sea otters.
"These areas are teeming with life and their designation as national monuments and sanctuaries helps protect the beaches, sea otters, whales and other wildlife that make California such an amazing, special place,” Kristen Monsell, an attorney with the Center for Biological Diversity, told The Dodo.
Sea otters were once hunted to near-extinction for their fur — there were only an estimated 2,000 sea otters left on the planet at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, protections for the species and its habitat helped bolster the population to just over 100,000 worldwide. Three thousand sea otters live along the coast of California.
"Not only would this measure hinder the remarkable progress we’ve made in protecting threatened wildlife and providing safe spaces for them to thrive, but the likelihood of nearby oil spills and leakage from drilling could prove disastrous for nearshore ecosystems and marine wildlife,” a statement from Friends of the Sea Otter reads. "The sea otter is especially vulnerable during oil spills as it has no blubber and relies on its thick fur coat for survival. Even a small amount of oil can damage the sea otter’s coat and make it susceptible to hypothermia and death.”
Luckily, the public is speaking up about this possible shift in policy that would put sea otters and so many animals in danger. Over 14,000 members of the public have commented on the plan so far.
"There is widespread opposition to new drilling off California, from both the public and elected officials at the local, state and federal level," Monsell said. "It’s possible we could see the Pacific Ocean offered up to the oil industry ... But we’ll take to the streets, and the courts if necessary, to make sure that doesn’t happen."